I’m working on a project that uses Node.js and Pug, formerly Jade, to generate a static website and I couldn’t be more happy about how this works.

Still, one thing was bothering me for some time, and namely how to efficiently include a minified, production-ready SVG icon system, using symbols within the Pug pages.

Pug and SVGs


I had to find a better way to include an SVG icon system, both inline and minified, using symbols within the Pug generated files.

  • I minified the symbols.svg output with imagemin
  • I read the resulted content and passed it to Pug using the locals object.
  • I inlined the already now minified SVG result in the source files using a Pug dot block.

The struggle

The system that helps to generate the static files consists of gulp, pug, sass, imagemin, uglify and all the front-end buzzwords you can think of. Lots of buzzwords, I told you I know how to make websites.

Leaving the joke aside, Pug, formerly Jade, has a simple mechanism to include non-Pug files as raw text and it works just fine.

  include style.css

  include script.js

  include symbols.svg

All good except the fact that if you choose to minify the Pug files output, e.g. when in production, if your included non-Pug files aren’t minified/uglified already, you’ll end up with some mixed output in your final HTML source file.

Mixed HTML code

Mixed HTML code output, both minified and non-minified

In the beginning, I have to admit I started by having two files to maintain: symbols.svg and symbols.min.svg and whenever a new symbol was added to symbols.svg, had to update the symbols.min.svg file too. I’m not so proud of this, but it worked, and I knew I had to find a better way to handle this situation.

My take on this

New year, new ideas.

It’s not new year’s resolution or something like that, but the first thing I made when got back to work in 2019, besides updating the footers to © 2019 :), was to handle this SVG inline include in my Pug files.

Here’s how the symbols.svg icon system looks like:

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
     width="0" height="0"
  <symbol id="...">
    <path d="..."/>
  <symbol id="...">
    <path d="..."/>

Quick tip

The display attribute lets you control the rendering of graphical or container elements. No need to add any CSS class helper to visually hide the SVG content. More on MDN.

The following gulp task excerpt will move and optimize the symbols.svg. Note the SVGO options that we’re passing on for our SVG, they are useful and mandatory in this case otherwise lots of stuff will get removed from the optimized output.

const imagesTask = () => gulp
    gulpif(argv.dist, imagemin([
      imagemin.jpegtran({ progressive: true }),
        plugins: [
          { removeHiddenElems: false },
          { removeUnusedNS: false },
          { removeUselessDefs: false },
          { collapseGroups: false },
          { cleanupIDs: false },
          { removeEmptyContainers: false }],

Within the pugTask, I’m passing the already minified SVG file as a property of the locals object, which is part of the Pug API. Also, I always make sure the above gulp imagesTask runs before the pugTask, in order to have the locals.svg available. As I just switched everything to gulp 4, I use series() to execute tasks one after another.

const pugTask = () => gulp
        pretty: false,
        compileDebug: true,
        locals: {
          svg: fs.readFileSync('dist/assets/img/svg/symbols.svg', 'utf8'),
        basedir: 'src',
  .on('error', (err) => {

Finally, I’ll be able to include the minified result in a partial Pug file using a dot block of plain text and unescaped string interpolation:


From Pug docs:

That’s it!

Minified HTML code

Better, beautiful & minified HTML output

I’m pretty happy I managed to find a way to improve this piece within my build process and will dig even further to see how to improve things. Let me know if you know a better way to do it, would love to hear it!